Ekalawya

Terminology

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  • 03

    Dec'15

    Refinancing

    It refers to the extension of a new loan to enable the repayment of all or part of the amounts outstanding on earlier borrowing, possible including amounts not yet due.

  • 03

    Dec'15

    Insider Trading

    The buying and selling of corporate stock or other financial instruments based on knowledge that is not widely available to the general public. Insider trading is most often undertaken by corporate executives or directors using information that they have acquired by working 'inside' the company. Insider trading is illegal because it gives an unfair advantage to those on the inside.

  • 03

    Dec'15

    Quantitative Restrictions

    Specific limits on the quantity or value of goods that can be imported (or exported) during a specific time period.

  • 03

    Dec'15

    Inflationary Gap

    An inflationary gap, also termed an expansionary gap, is associated with a business cycle expansion, especially the latter stages of an expansion. This is one of two alternative output gaps that can occur when short-run production differs from full employment. The other is a recessionary gap.

  • 03

    Dec'15

    Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs)

    The rates of currency conversion that equalise the purchasing power of different currencies by eliminating the differences in price levels between countries. In their simplest form, PPPs are simply price relatives which show the ration of the prices in national currencies of the same good or service in different countries.

  • 03

    Dec'15

    Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility

    An IMF facility known until November 1999 as the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility (ESAF). The PRGF is available to those countries that are facing protracted balance of payments problems and are eligible to borrow on concessional terms under the International Development Association (IDA).

  • 02

    Dec'15

    Portfolio Investment

    It is the category of international investment that covers investment in equity and debt securities, excluding any such instruments that are classified as direct investment or reserve assets.

  • 02

    Dec'15

    A Pigouvian Tax

    It is a tax levied on an agent causing an environmental externality (environmental damage) as an incentive to avert or mitigate such damage.

  • 02

    Dec'15

    Money Laundering

    The attempt to conceal or disguise the ownership or source of the proceeds of criminal activity and to integrate them into the legitimate financial systems in such a way that they cannot be distinguished from assets acquired by legitimate means. Typically this involves the conversation of cash-based proceeds into account-based forms of money.

  • 02

    Dec'15

    Hyper Inflation

    Exceptionally high inflation rates. While there are no hard and fast guidelines, an annual inflation rate of 20 percent or more is likely to create hyper inflation.

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