Ekalawya

Timeline: India’s Freedom Struggle

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  • 1905: Partition of Bengal announced to come in force from October 15, 1906.
  • 1906, December 31: Muslim League founded at Dacca.
  • 1908, April 30: Khudiram Bose Executed.
  • 1908, July 22:¬†Tilak sentenced to six years on charges of sedition.
  • 1909, May 21: Minto-Morely Reforms or Indian Councils Act, 1909
  • 1911: The coronation or Delhi Durbar held at Delhi in whic the partition of Bengal was cancelled.
  • 1912: Delhi becomes the new capital of India.
  • 1912, December 23: Bomb thrown on Lord Hardinge on his state entry into Delhi.
  • 1913, November 1: Ghadar party formed at San Francisco.
  • 1914, June 16: BG Tilak released from jail.
  • 1914, August 4: Out break of the 1st World War.
  • 1914 Sepetember 29: Komagata Maru ship reaches Budge Budge.
  • 1915 January: Gandhiji arrives in India.
  • 1915, February 19: Death of Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
  • 1916 April 28: BG Tilak founds Indian Home Rule League with its headquarters at Poona.
  • 1916 Sepetember 25: Another Home Rule League started by Annie Besant.
  • 1917 April: Mahatma Gandhi launches the Champaran campaign in Bihar to focus attention on the grievances of indigo planters.
  • 1917 August 20: The Secretary of State for India Montague, declares that the goal of the British Government in India is the introduction of Responsible Government.
  • 1918: Beginning of trade union movement in India.
  • 1918 April: Rowlatt (sedition) Committee submits its report. Rowlatt Bill introduces on February 16, 1919.
  • 1919 April 6: All India hartal over Rowlatt Bills.
  • 1919 December 5: The House of Commons passes the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms or the Government of India Act, 1919. The new reforms under this Act came into operation in 1921.
  • 1920: First meeting of the All India Trade Union Congress.
  • 1920 December: The Indian National Congress adopts the Non-Cooperation Resolution. Started in August 31, 1920.
  • 1920-22: Non Cooperation Movement, suspended on February 11-12, 1922 after the violent incidents at Chauri Chaura on February 5, 1922.
  • 1922 August: Moplah Rebellion on the Malabar.
  • 1923 January 1: Swarajist Party formed by Motilal Nehru and others.
  • 1924 The Communist Party of India starts its activities first at Kanpur.
  • 1925, August: Kakori Train Conspiracy case.
  • 1927 November 8: The British Prime Minister announces the appointment of the Simon Commission to suggest future constitutional reforms in India. Simon Commission arrives in Bombay on February 3, 198 and all India hartal. Lala Lajpat Rai assaulted by police at Lahore.
  • 1928: Nehru Report recommends principles for the new constitution of India. All party conference considers the Nehru Report, August 28-31, 1928.
  • 1928 November 17: Death of Lala Lajpat Rai.
  • 1929: Sarda Act passed prohibiting marriage of girls below 14 and boys below 18 years of age with effect from 1930.
  • 1929 March 9: All parties Muslim Conference formulates the ‘Fourteen Points’ under the leadership of Jinnah.
  • 1929 April 8: Bhagat Singh and Batakeshwar Dutt drop bombs in the Central Legislative Assembly.
  • 1929 October 31: Lord Iriwin‘s announcement that the goal of British Policy in India was the grant of the Dominion status.
  • 1929 December 31: The Lahore session of the INC adopts the goal of complete independence- Poorna Swarajya for India.
  • 1930 January 1: Jawaharlal Nehru hoists the tricolour of Indian Independence on the banks of the Ravi at Lahore.
  • 1930 January 26: First Independence Day observed.
  • 1930 February 14: The working committee of the INC meets at Sabarmati and passes the Civil Disobedience resolution.
  • 1930 March 12: Mahatma Gandhi launches the Civil Disobedience movement with his epic Dandi March (March 12 to April 5). First phase of the Civil Disobedience movement: March 12, 1930 to March 5, 1931.
  • 1930 November 30: First Round Table Conference begins in London to consider the report of the Simon.
  • 1931, March 5: Gandhi Irwin pact signed. Civil Disobedience movement suspended.
  • 1931 March 23: Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Rajguru executed.
  • 1931 Sepetember 7: Second Round Table Conference.
  • 1931 December 28 Gandhiji returns from London after the deadlocked in second Round Table Conference. Launches Civil Disobedience Movement. The INC declared illegal.
  • 193 January 4: Gandhiji arrested and imprisoned without trial.
  • 1932 August 16: British Prime Minister Ramsay Mcdonald announces the infamous Communal Award.
  • 1932, September 20: Gandhiji in jail, begins the epic “fast unto death” against the communal award and ends the fast on September 26 after the Poona Pact.
  • 1932 November 17: The third Round Table Conference begins in London- November 17 to December 24.
  • 1933 May 9: Gandhiji released from prison as he begins fast for self purification. INC suspends Civil Disobedience movement but authorizes Satyagrah by individuals.
  • 1934: Gandhiji withdraws form active politics and devotes himself to constructive programmes (1934-39).
  • 1935 August 4: The Government of India Act 1935 passed.
  • 1937: Elections held in India under the Act of 1935 in February 1937. The INC contests election, and forms ministries in seven provinces in July 1937.
  • 1938 February 19-20: Haripura session of INC. Subhas Chandra Bose elected Congress president.
  • 1939 March 10-12: Tripura session of the INC.
  • 1939 April: Subhas Chandra Bose resigns as the president of the INC.
  • 1939 September 3: Second World War. Great Britain declares war on Germany. The viceroy declares that India too is at war.
  • 1939 October 7- November 5: The congress ministries in the provinces resign in protest against the war policy of the British government.
  • 1939 December 22. The Muslim League observes the resignation of the Congress ministries as Deliverance Day.
  • 1940 March: Lahore session of the Muslim League passes the Pakistan resolution.
  • 1940 August 10: Viceroy Linlthgow announces: August offer.
  • 1940 August 18-22: Congress Working Committee rejects the August Offer.
  • 1940 October 17: Congress launches individual Satyagraha movement.
  • 1941 January 17: Subhas Chandra Bose escapes from India; arrives in Berlin on March 28.
  • 1942 March 11: Churchill announces the Cripps Mission.
  • 1942 August 7-8: The INC meets in Bombay; adopts ‘Quit India’ resoultion.
  • 1942 August 9: Gandhiji and other congress leaders arrested.
  • 1942 August 11: Quit India movement begins; the Great August Uprising.
  • 1942 September 1: Subhash Chandra Bose establish the Indian National Army Azad Hind Fauj.
  • 1943 October 21: Subash ¬†Chandra Bose proclaims the formation of the Provisional Government of Free India.
  • 1943 December: Karachi Session of the Muslim League adopts the slogan Divide and Quit.
  • 1944 June 25: Wavell calls Simla Conference in a bid to form the executive Council of Indian political leaders.
  • 1946 February 18: Mutiny of the Indian naval rating in Bombay.
  • 1946 March 15: British Prime Minster Attlee announces Cabinet Mission to propose new solution to the Indian deadlock; Cabinet Mission arrives in New Delhi on March 14 and issues proposal on May 16.
  • 1946 July 6: Jawaharlal Nehru takes over as Congress president.
  • 1946 August 6: Wavell invites Nehru to form an interim government; Interim government takes office on September 2.
  • 1946 December 9: First session of the Constituent Assembly on India starts. Muslim League boycotts it.
  • 1947 February 20: British Prime Minister Attlee declares that the British government would leave India not later than June 1948.
  • 1947, March 24: Lord Mountbatten, the last British Viceroy and Governor General of India, sworn in March 24.
  • 1947 June 3: Mountbatten plan for the partition of India and the announcement that transfer of power will take place on August 15.
  • 1947 August 15 India wins freedom.
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